Canada did this in October
Trudeau also brought in the Official Languages Act inmaking Canada officially bilingual. Trudeau was born into a wealthy family, the son of a successful French Canadian businessman and a mother of Scottish ancestry. In he edited a book on the strike, to which he contributed an introduction and conclusion criticizing the province's dominant social, economic, and political values.
In this and other forums, Trudeau sought to rouse opposition to what he believed were reactionary and inward-looking elites. In the process, he developed a reputation as a radical and a socialist, although the values he championed were closer to those of liberalism and democracy. After the Liberal victory in the provincial election, the Quiet Revolution fulfilled some of Trudeau's hopes for change. Trudeau was later appointed parliamentary secretary to Prime Minister Lester Pearsonand was named minister of justice in As minister of justice, he gained national attention for his introduction of divorce law reform and for Criminal Code amendments that liberalized laws on abortionhomosexualityand public lotteries.
Trudeau was persuaded to contest the Liberal leadership in and was elected on the fourth ballot; on 20 April he was sworn in as Canada's fifteenth prime minister. In the ensuing general election — which was dominated by "Trudeau-mania" — his government won a majority, and thus he began a period in office which was to last longer than that of any other prime minister before him, except Mackenzie King and Sir John A.
In response, Trudeau invoked the War Measures Actwith its extraordinary powers of arrest, detention and censorship. Shortly after, Laporte was murdered by his abductors. Less dramatic, but of lasting significance, was the Official Languages Act ofa central feature of Trudeau's new federalism.
At the same time, he began to improve the position of francophones in Ottawa. However, one result of these policies was a growing anti-bilingual backlash in English Canada. An important initiative in government brought about under Trudeau's direction was the attempt to centralize and nationalize decision making under the Prime Minister's Office and by central agencies such as the Privy Council Office and the Treasury Board.
Although very much along the lines of administrative reorganization in Washington and in other Western capitals, these changes proved controversial, leading critics to charge inefficiency and the undermining of the role of Parliament and Cabinet.
In the election, Trudeau came close to losing office and was forced to form a minority government with the support of the New Democratic Party. The media followed every move made by the famous couple. Their tempestuous marriage, beset by many well-publicized differences, finally ended in separation in and divorce inwith Trudeau retaining custody of their three sons, JustinSasha and Michel.
After restoring a Liberal majority inTrudeau faced the effects of inflation. In an atmosphere of economic crisis, various expedients were tried, including mandatory wage and prices controls in A few months later, on 21 November, Trudeau announced his resignation as leader of the Liberal Party. However, three weeks after this announcement, the Progressive Conservative government was defeated in the Commons and a new general election was called.
Trudeau was persuaded by the Liberal caucus to return as leader, and on 18 February — three months after his retirement — he was returned once again as prime minister with a parliamentary majority, thus accomplishing a remarkable resurrection. Trudeau's last period in office as prime minister was eventful.
In the wake of that victory, Trudeau pushed for an accord on a new Canadian constitution. As he was unable to gain provincial agreement, Trudeau introduced into Parliament a unilateral federal initiative free roulette machine game "patriate" the British North America Canada online to Canada with an amending formula and an entrenched Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This was followed by one of the epic federal-provincial battles of Canadian history, culminating in the final compromise and the proclamation of the Constitution Act, on 17 April.
With the inclusion of entrenched minority language and education rights, and a charter of individual rights, Trudeau had fulfilled a goal he had set himself upon entering public life. See Patriation of the Constitution. Continued inflation, high levels of unemployment, and large federal deficits cut deeply into his popular support.
His government's National Energy Programone of the major government interventions in the economy since the Second World Warfurther alienated the energy-producing regions in Western Canada. A continuing problem that plagued his entire time in office was that of Canadian-American relations. Trudeau often played an ambiguous role with regard to the US, but during his last period in office he moved toward a more nationalist position in economic relations with the US, and began to criticize its foreign and defence policies more freely than in the past.
At the same time the policies valsspelen bij online roulette US President Reagan's administration were becoming more damaging to many of Canada's economic interests. In these years Trudeau devoted more and more time to the international stage, first to encouraging a "North—South" dialogue between wealthy, industrialized nations and underdeveloped countries, and then, in —84, to a personal peace initiative in which he visited leaders in both the eastern and western blocs to persuade them to negotiate the reduction of nuclear weapons and to lower Cold War tensions.
These activities led to his being awarded the Albert Einstein Peace Prize. At the same time, his government was responsible for the decision canada allow US testing of the cruise missile, which roused widespread opposition from Canadians concerned about the william hill shares nuclear arms race.
Public opinion in Canada was largely gambling machines in russellville, ar to Trudeau and the Liberals from on. His personal gross-gerauer echo online — sometimes charismatic, sometimes contemptuous of opposition; often mercurial and unpredictable — seemed to have become less of an electoral asset in difficult economic times than it was in his early political career.
On 29 FebruaryTrudeau announced his intention to retire; on 30 June he left office, and his successor, John Turnerwas sworn in. In he became a Companion of the Order of Canada. Trudeau's retirement was relatively low profile, but on two occasions he intervened in public affairs with dramatic effect. Document was considered influential. His speech against the Charlottetown Accord see Charlottetown Accord: InTrudeau published his book Memoirsbased on a five-part miniseries by the CBCand in he published Against the Current, a collection of his writings from to In Justin Trudeau was elected leader of the Liberal Party and in he became prime minister.
Overall, Trudeau's career as prime minister was one of gambling lost 500 success. He served longer than every other contemporary leader in the Western world, becoming the elder statesman of the West.
Trudeau was unable, however, to alleviate regional alienation or to end the conflict between federal and provincial governments. He left office much as he had entered it, a controversial figure with strong supporters and equally strong critics. That he was one of the dominant figures in 20th-century Canada is indisputable. Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Approaches to Politics Pierre Elliott Trudeau and David Crenna, ed.
The Trudeau Years Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Memoirs Selected Writings, - Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Ron Graham, ed. From the McGill University website. From the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Education and Early Career Trudeau was born into a wealthy family, the son of a successful French Canadian businessman and a mother of Scottish ancestry.
Trudeau and Federalism After the Liberal victory in the provincial election, the Quiet Revolution fulfilled some of Trudeau's hopes for change. Trudeau-mania Trudeau was persuaded to contest the Liberal leadership in and was elected on the fourth ballot; on 20 April he was sworn in as Canada's fifteenth prime minister. Key Policies Less dramatic, but of lasting significance, was the Official Languages Act ofa central feature of Trudeau's new federalism.
Defeat and Re-election After restoring a Liberal majority inTrudeau faced the effects of inflation. Constitutional Battles As he was unable to gain provincial agreement, Trudeau introduced into Parliament a unilateral federal initiative to "patriate" the British North America Act to Canada with an amending formula and an entrenched Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
International Involvement In these years Trudeau devoted more and more time to the international irs gambling winnings and losses, first to encouraging a "North—South" dialogue between wealthy, industrialized nations and underdeveloped countries, and then, in —84, to a personal peace initiative in which he visited leaders in both the eastern and western blocs to persuade them to negotiate the reduction of nuclear weapons and to lower Cold War tensions.
Retirement Public opinion in Canada was largely hostile to Trudeau and the Liberals from on. Legacy Overall, Trudeau's career as prime minister was one of electoral success. Links to other sites Extraordinary Canadians: Sir Robert Borden 0. The Deportation of the Acadians 2. Battle of Vimy Ridge 4.Pierre Trudeau held his philosophy of one Canada and a strong federal government before he became prime minister and he maintained it. One of Our Best and Brightest. Martin O'Malley CBC NEWS ONLINE. In December , Pierre Elliott Trudeau was named top Canadian newsmaker of the 20th. But now a bizarre theory has surfaced online which claims that his dad, former Canadian PM Pierre Trudeau, is not his dad and he was the.