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Two-up is a traditional Australian gambling game, involving a designated "spinner" throwing two coins or pennies into the air. Players bet on whether the coins will fall with both heads obverse up, both tails reverse up, or with one coin a head and one a tail known as "odds". It is traditionally played on Anzac Day in pubs and clubs throughout Australia, in part to mark a shared experience with Diggers through the ages.
The game is traditionally played with pennies — their weight, size, and surface design make them ideal for the game. Weight and size make them stable on the "kip" and easy to spin in the air. Decimal coins are generally considered to be too small and light and they don't fly so well.
Pennies can often be observed being used at games on Anzac Day, as they are brought out specifically for this purpose each year. The exact origins of two-up are obscure, but it seems to have evolved from pitch and tossa gambling roulette dealers spin involving tossing a single coin into the air and wagering on the result.
Two-up was popular amongst poorer English and Irish citizens in the 18th century. The predilection of the convicts for this game was noted as early as by New South Wales 's first judge advocate, as well as the lack of skill involved and the large losses.
By the s, the two-coin form was being played on the goldfields of the eastern colonies, and it spread across the country following subsequent gold rushes. Two-up was played extensively by Australia's soldiers during World War I. Gambling games, to which a blind eye was cast, became a regular part of Anzac Day celebrations for returned soldiers, although two-up was illegal at all other times. As time passed, increasingly elaborate illegal "two-up schools" grew around Australia, to the consternation of authorities [ citation needed ] but with the backing of corrupt police.
The legendary Thommo's Two-up School, which operated at various locations in Surry Hills, Sydney from the early years of the 20th century until at leastwas one of Australia's first major illegal gambling operations. The popularity of two-up declined after the s as more sophisticated forms of gambling like baccarat gained popularity in illegal gaming houses and poker machines slot machines were legalised in clubs.
Legal two-up arrived with its introduction as a table game at the new casino in Hobart inbut is now only offered at Crown Perth and Crown Melbourne. Several tourist "two-up schools" in the Outback have also been legalised. The table below show the current bets that can be made at Crown Perth.
A person is selected as the spinner generally greeted to loud calls of "Come in spinner! The spinner tosses the coins in the air using the kip until he wins or loses. The spinner is required to place a bet before his first throw that must be covered equalled by another player. If the spinner wins he keeps the bet and cover, otherwise it goes to the player who covered the bet.
The boxer takes a commission out of this bet. The other members of the group place side bets bets against each other on whether the spinner will win or lose and the result of the next throw. Variations revolve around the definition of "win" and "lose" for the spinner. When played in casinos the spinner's bet is covered by the house, as are the side-bets by the group of punters. Sometimes three coins are used and the bet then is against the spinner who must head them "I bet he tails 'em" rather than "odds em".
One of the charities most involved in problem gambling, the Wesley Community Legal Servicea body dealing with problem gamblers, has confirmed it has never encountered a problem gambler addicted to two-up. That is an interesting bit of trivia for everyone to take home with them. In the liner notes it says:. Sometimes called "Australia's National Game", two-up is a form of gambling which, though illegal, has long paterns in roulette a favourite pastime.
The "Sleeper Catcher", an accepted participant in the game, retrieves bets left on the floor by tardy backers. The film The Sundowners contains a sequence in which a group of Australian droversincluding Robert Mitchum 's character, play a game of two-up, with appropriate bets.
One of the players calls out "fair go", which translates roughly as "play fair". Appropriately, the action in the game on-screen is rapid and without hesitations or false starts. A similar sequence can be found in the film Wake in Fright. In the film Forty Thousand Horsementhe three leads, played by Grant TaylorChips Raffertyand Pat Twohillare introduced to us playing two-up in a market place.
The film Wake in Fright contains scenes where the main protagonist, a schoolteacher named John Grant, staying in a semi fictional mining town based on Broken Hill for one night, initially makes significant winnings in a game of two-up, before subsequently losing everything again. The book Come in Spinner takes its name from the call. There is also a sequence in the film The Shiralee starring Bryan Brown which bils gambling reference to the game.
During the broadcast recording of the 'Tin Symphony' segment of the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games there are two scenes of settlers playing two-up outside a tin home. Inthe television program Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities shows men taking part in games of two-up.
In one instance the police enter the establishment in which this is taking place and the contestants run and hide the equipment being used and money being gambled. Inthe television program Peaky Blinders depicts a game of two-up, with a car and a horse used for betting.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the printing layout technique, see N-up. The Prince and The Premierp. New South Wales Consolidated Acts. The Australian Encyclopaedia Vol. New South Wales Parliament. Retrieved 28 December Retrieved from " https: Gambling games Coin games Sports originating in Australia Military sports. Use Australian English from July All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English Use dmy dates from July All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from August Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December Views Read Edit View history.
A small piece of wood on which the coins are placed before being tossed. Games coin is placed heads up, the other tails up. Both coins land with the "head" side facing up. One coin lands with the "head" side up, and the other lands with the "tails" side up. It was the nickname of the look-out who warned players of incoming police raids. Only available to the current spinner.
Spinner spins three heads or tails, before either tailing out or getting the other result. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Two-up.Spoof is a strategy game, typically played as a gambling game, often in bars and pubs where the loser buys the other participants a round of drinks. The exact origin of the game is unknown, but one scholarly paper addressed it, and more general n-coin games, in Gameplay · Tournament play · References. Two-up is a traditional Australian gambling game, involving a designated "spinner" throwing two coins or pennies into the air. Players bet on whether the coins History · Gameplay · Variations · Popular culture. CryptoGames is a Bitcoin gambling site offering Dice, Blackjack, Roulette, Lottery, Poker, Plinko and Slot games to play also with altcoin like Ethereum, Dogecoin BitCoin. Dash. DogeCoin. Ethereum. GridCoin. LiteCoin. PlayMoney.